Georgetown Law
Georgetown Law Library

United Kingdom Legal Research Guide

This in-depth guide will help researchers navigate legal materials for the United Kingdom.

Background Information

The Origins of the Referendum

For those who do not follow British politics closely, the following articles provide some historical perspective on the UK's ambivalent relationship with the EU and the impetus for holding a referendum on EU membership.

Referendum Results

  • Official Results (UK Electoral Commission)
    Includes UK-wide results and a breakdown of votes cast by region.
  • EU Referendum Results in Maps & Charts (BBC)
    Color-coded maps and charts show the intensity of support for the leave and remain campaigns by voting area. 
  • EU Referendum:  Results & Analysis (The Guardian)
    Provides a demographic analysis of the referendum results and a map weighted by population to more accurately reflect votes cast in urban areas.

The Road Ahead

The following resources summarize the process of withdrawing from the EU, the UK's options for retaining access to the EU's single market, and the constitutional implications for the UK's future as a unified state.


Referendum Vote Map

Source:  Brythones via Wikimedia Commons
CC BY-SA 3.0 License

Areas that voted to leave the EU are shown in shades of blue.  Areas that voted to remain are shown in shades of yellow and gold.  The map reflects the high degree of polarization between areas that voted strongly to leave (the Thames estuary, the English Midlands, and economically struggling, post-industrial regions) and those that voted strongly to remain (London, Brighton, Bristol, Cambridge, Cardiff, Liverpool, Manchester, Oxford, Reading, York, and other prosperous urban centers, as well as Scotland and Northern Ireland).