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From GATT to the WTO and Beyond Research Guide

This guide focuses on documentation and instruments of the GATT and WTO organizations.


The General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade, known as the GATT, is one third of the Bretton Woods system that was created after World War II to ensure a stable trade and economic world environment. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank are the other two bodies of the Bretton Woods system. While often referred to as as international organization, the GATT had a "de facto" role as an international organization before the creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The WTO was established on January 1, 1995 by the Final Act of the Uruguay Round of negotiations.

This guide focuses on the GATT and WTO. For more general sources on international trade, see our research guide, International Trade Law.

If you have questions, please feel free to contact the Wolff Library reference desk at 202-662-4195 or by email: You may also submit your question via this online form.