Georgetown Law
Georgetown Law Library

International Trade Law Research Guide

This guide features resources on international trade law.

Texts and Status of WTO Agreements

Electronic Sources
Print Sources
Status of the Agreements

Electronic Sources

  • WTO Legal Texts
    The WTO website provides free online access to all of the agreements, ministerial decisions, and ministerial declarations reached at the conclusion of the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations in 1994.  It also provides access to post-1994 WTO agreements and protocols.  Summaries and explanatory notes are provided for select agreements.  All agreements may be viewed in a Web browser or downloaded in MS Word or PDF format.
  • Office of Trade Agreements Negotiations & Compliance (TANC) U.S. Department of Commerce.
    This U.S. government agency website provides free online access to the full texts of most of the Uruguay Round agreements.  For many agreements, an explanatory guide also is provided.  Note that most content may be viewed in a Web browser but is not available for download.
  • TradeLawGuide
    Full texts of the Uruguay Round agreements (and dozens of other WTO instruments) are available for download in PDF format.  When displayed in a Web browser, the texts include annotations to TLG's Article Citator and Jurisprudence Citator, plus cross references to incorporated instruments, procedural documents, negotiating histories, and precursor texts.  To access this content, click on "Annotated Agreements & Texts" in the blue menu bar near the top of the TLG homepage.
    Full texts of the Uruguay Round agreements, as well as ministerial decisions and declarations adopted by the Trade Negotiations Committee, are available for download in PDF format.  To access this content, hover your cursor over "WTO Cases & Legal Texts" in the green menu bar at the top of the WTL homepage.  To view all available Uruguay Round agreements, click ont the "UR Agreements" link.

Print Sources

  • Text of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.  INTL KZ5185 1986
    This full text of the 1947 GATT incorporates subsequent amendments.  Note that almost all of the provisions of the 1947 GATT are incorporated by reference in the 1994 GATT, which is part of the Uruguay Round agreements.
  • The Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations:  The Legal Texts.  INTL KZ5185 1987 .A4 G44 1994  This official publication of the GATT Secretariat includes the full texts of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization and all of the multilateral and plurilateral agreements annexed thereto.
  • The Legal Texts:  The Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations.  INTL KZ5185 .L45 1999  This official publication of the WTO Secretariat is a reprint of the publication described above.

Status of the Agreements

  • Status of WTO Legal Agreements (2015 edition)
    The most recent (2015) edition of this WTO publication is available for download from the WTO website in PDF format.  Use it to determine when a WTO legal agreement entered into force, which countries are state parties to the agreement, and whether a particular state party ratified an agreement subject to any declarations or reservations.  Content is organized as follows:
    • The name of the agreement and information about its entry into force and registration with the U.N. (if applicable).
    • The texts of any final clauses that govern acceptance (ratification) and accession.
    • A list of state parties that ratified the agreement prior to its entry into force.  Any communications, declarations or reservations made by a state party upon its acceptance are noted below the name of the state party.
    • A list of state parties that acceded to the agreement after its entry into force, followed by the protocols of accession for each such state party.
    • Information is current as of April 20, 2015.
  • Status of WTO Legal Agreements. (2008 edition) INTL K4610.A2 W76 2009
    This prior edition of the WTO publication described above is available in print at the Wolff Library for historical research.  Its content is current as of April 30, 2008, and does not reflect any new developments since that time.