International and Foreign Cyberspace Law Research Guide

This guide covers resources on various aspects of cyberspace law, including Internet governance, electronic commerce, privacy, cyber crime, cyber warfare, and cyber terrorism.

IGO, NGO, & U.S. Government Agency Resources

The IGOs, NGOs, and U.S. government agencies described below are key players in the global struggle against cyber crime.

International & Intergovernmental Organizations

Non-Governmental Organizations

  • Anti-Phishing Working Group (APWG)
    This international industry association combats phishing and email spoofing through the development of data standards and model response systems and protocols. Use the Research menu to access reports on phishing trends, research papers, and other materials.
  • European NGO Alliance for Child Safety Online (eNACSO)
    Funded by the European Commission, the executive arm of the E.U., eNACSO provides a platform for child protection NGOs throughout Europe to share expertise and best practices on policy matters related to child safety online. Visit the Resources page to access policy papers, annual reports, and other publications.
  • International Association of Internet Hotlines (INHOPE)
    INHOPE is a collaborative global network of non-profit organizations working to combat the online distribution of child pornography through the establishment of hotlines for reporting illegal content. Visit the Projects page to learn more about its work in the areas of capacity building, technological innovation, network expansion, and strategic communication.
  • Internet Watch Foundation (IWF)
    The IWF is a UK-based, industry-funded non-profit that works to identify, locate, and remove online images and videos of child sexual abuse in cooperation with law enforcement agencies worldwide. Visit the Research page to access its reports.
  • RAND Corporation
    This independent think tank—known for the quality and rigor of its work product—is a good source for credible research and informed commentary on a wide range of topics. Many of its research reports are available for download in PDF format. Visit its Cyber Crime and Information Security pages to browse for reports on those topics or use the Advanced Search Template to search by keyword.
  • Spamhaus
    This international non-profit organization based in London and Geneva tracks cyber threats (such as spam, phishing, malware, and botnets) and provides real time, actionable threat intelligence to network operators, corporations, and security vendors. It also works with law enforcement agencies worldwide to identify spam and malware sources.

U.S. Federal Government Agencies

  • Department of Justice: Division of Computer Crime & Intellectual Property Section (CCIPS)
    The CCIPS works with other federal agencies, the private sector, and foreign law enforcement agencies to prevent, investigate, and prosecute computer and intellectual property crimes. The Documents and Reports page includes annual reports, topical white papers, transcripts of testimony before congressional committees, and blog posts.
  • Department of Homeland Security
    The following agencies—all of which operate under the umbrella of the DHS—play a role in combating cyber crime:
    • Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA)
      CISA was established in by the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency Act of 2018. It continues the work begun under the Department of Homeland Security’s former National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD). Coordinating the efforts of various DHS entities to combat cybercrime is one of CISA’s core responsibilities.
    • Secret Service
      Visit the Secret Service’s Cyber Investigations page to learn more about its to combat cyber fraud, the illicit use of digital assets, and other forms of transnational organized crime.
    • Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE)
      ICE operates the Homeland Security Institute’s Cyber Crimes Center (C3), which provides technical support to domestic and international law enforcement agencies investigating cross-border crime. The Center is comprised of the Cyber Crimes Unit, the Child Exploitation Investigations Unit, and the Computer Forensics Unit.