The first two decades of space exploration occurred during the Cold War and were dominated by the intense rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union. The modern era of space exploration is characterized by a greater degree of international cooperation and the emergence of private sector actors.
To date, more than 70 countries have established state-funded agencies to facilitate space exploration and research, the deployment of artificial satellites, and the development of space resources. In addition, several groups of countries have pooled their resources to establish regional agencies for the same purposes.
Only a small number of these national and regional space agencies are capable of launching satellites and vehicles into space. Even fewer have human spaceflight and lunar landing capabilities. Links to the websites of selected national and regional space agencies are provided below.
Brazilian Space Agency Logo via Wikimedia Commons.
China Nat'l Space Admin. Logo via Wikimedia Commons.
European Space Agency Logo via Wikimedia Commons.
Indian Space Res. Org. Logo via Wikimedia Commons.