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Georgetown Law Library

International and Foreign Cyberspace Law Research Guide

This guide covers resources on cyberspace law where issues encompass the Internet, cybercrime, privacy and ecommerce. Cyberspace law can incorporate aspects of comparative, international and foreign law

IGO, NGO & U.S. Government Agency Resources

The IGOs, NGOs, and U.S. government agencies described below are key players in the global struggle against cyber crime.

International & Inter-Governmental Organizations

Non-Governmental Organizations

  • Anti-Phishing Working Group (APWG)
    This international industry association combats phishing and email spoofing through the development of data standards and model response systems and protocols.  Click on the Resources tab to access articles, technical white papers, and quarterly reports on trends in phishing activity.
  • Spamhaus
    This international non-profit organization, based in London and Geneva, tracks cyber threats (spam, phishing, malware, and botnets) and provides real time, actionable threat intelligence to network operators, corporations, and security vendors.  It also works with law enforcement agencies worldwide to identify spam and malware sources.
  • European NGO Alliance for Child Safety Online (eNACSO)
    Funded by the European Commission, the executive arm of the EU, eNACSO provides a platform for child protection NGOS throughout Europe to share expertise and best practices on policy matters related to child safety online.  Visit the Resources page to access policy papers, annual reports, and other eNACSO publications.
  • International Association of Internet Hotlines (INHOPE)
    INHOPE is a collaborative global network of non-profit organizations working to combat the online distribution of child pornography through the establishment of hotlines for reporting illegal content.  Visit the Resources page to access statistics, info-graphics, annual reports, and additional documentation.
  • Internet Watch Foundation (IWF)
    The IWF is a UK-based, industry-funded non-profit that works to identify, locate, and remove online images and videos of child sexual abuse in cooperation with law enforcement agencies worldwide.  Click on the Resources tab to access IWF research and its annual report, which is a good source for trends and statistics.
  • The Rand Corporation
    This independent think tank, which is known for the quality and rigor of its work product, is a good source for credible research and informed commentary.  Many of its research reports are available for download in PDF format.

U.S. Federal Government Agencies

  • Department of Justice -- Division of Computer Crime & Intellectual Property Section (CCIPS)
    The CCIPS works with other federal agencies, the private sector, and foreign law enforcement agencies to prevent, investigate, and prosecute computer and intellectual property crimes.  Visit the Documents and Reports page to access annual reports, topical white papers, testimony before congressional committees, and blog posts.
  • Department of Homeland Security
    The following agencies, which fall under the DHS umbrella, also play a key role in combating cyber crime.
    • U.S. Secret Service
      The Secret Service maintains an Electronic Crimes Task Force (ECTF) to investigate identify theft, network intrusions, attacks on business email systems, ransomware, and related matters.  To learn more, visit the Investigations page of the Secret Service's website.  (Be sure to scroll all the way down.)
    • U.S. Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE)
      ICE operates the Cyber Crimes Center (C3), which provides technical support to domestic and international law enforcement agencies investigating cross-border crime.  The Center is comprised of the Cyber Crimes Unit, the Child Exploitation Investigations Unit, and the Computer Forensics Unit.