The WTO’s failure to complete the Doha Development Round of multilateral trade negotiations prompted advocates of trade liberalization to pursue “mega-regional” trade agreements as an alternative to multilateral deals. Two of the most prominent mega-regional deals are the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), negotiated by 12 Pacific Rim nations, and the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP), which is still being negotiated between the U.S. and the European Union.
An electoral backlash against trade deals in the U.S. and elsewhere in the developed world likely will preclude the TPP from entering into force and may prevent negotiators from reaching a final agreement on the T-TIP. Even if these mega-regional deals do not succeed, they will still be of interest to researchers for their innovations with respect to investor-state dispute settlement and for their attempts to address concerns about the impact of trade on human rights, labor standards, and environmental regulations, among other matters.
The full text of the TPP was not made public until November, 2015, when the negotiations concluded. The EU has released draft texts of the T-TIP, but no agreement on a final text has been reached. Consequently, few scholarly books have yet been published about these mega-regional trade deals, although more are anticipated. See the column to the right for a selection of the most recently published titles.
To locate additional or newly published books about the TPP and T-TIP, search GULLiver, the Law Library's online catalog, by keyword or by title. Or search by subject using one of the following subject headings:
For recently concluded trade agreements and for those agreements that are still under negotiation, specialized news and current awareness resources are often the most reliable sources of information. Consult the resources described below for the latest developments on the TPP, the T-TIP, and other emerging trade agreements. They also may be used to track the progress of an agreement over time.
Journal articles provide more in-depth analysis of trade agreements that are under negotiation or awaiting ratification than news sources. Bear in mind that when an article is published before the final text of a trade agreement is released to the public, the article is based on the author's informed speculation. For information and tips on how to find journal articles, consult the Journal Articles page of this research guide.
The following government websites provide free access to the full text of the TPP, along with related documentation:
The EU has made selected T-TIP negotiating texts available for download in PDF format on this portal page. Documents include:
To date, only a few scholarly books about the TPP and the T-TIP have been published. A selection of the most recent titles follows.