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International Trade Law Research Guide

This guide features resources on international trade law.

Quick Reference Table with Citations

The following table covers the 1947 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1947) and the multilateral trade agreements concluded during the Uruguay Round of negotiations.  These include the 1994 Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (the Marrakesh Agreement) and the multilateral agreements annexed to the Marrakesh Agreement (the Covered Agreements).  For each agreement, at least one Bluebook-compliant treaty citation is provided, along with a link from which you may download a PDF copy of the text of the agreement from the WTO's website.

For GATT 1947, citations are provided to official U.S. treaty sources and to the U.N. Treaty Series (U.N.T.S.).  There are no citations to official U.S. treaty sources for the Uruguay Round agreements because the United States enacted legislation to implement the agreements and did not ratify them as treaties.  For those agreements, citations are provided to the U.N. Treaty Series and to International Legal Materials (I.L.M.), if the agreement in question was published therein.

Name of Agreement Alternate Name Citation Link to PDF
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (1947)


 
GATT 1947 61 Stat. pt. 5

T.I.A.S. 1700

55 U.N.T.S. 194
Text
Final Act Embodying the Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations Final Act 1867 U.N.T.S. 14

33 I.L.M. 1143 (1994)
Text
Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization Marrakesh Agreement 1867 U.N.T.S. 154

33 I.L.M. 1144 (1994)
Text
Annex 1A to the Marrakesh Agreement (Covering Multilateral Agreements on Trade in Goods)
Multilateral Agreements on Trade in Goods
 
None 1897 U.N.T.S. 187 Text
General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade 1994

(Note that GATT 1994 incorporates almost all of the provisions of GATT 1947.  In the event of a conflict between the two, GATT 1947 controls.)

 
GATT 1994 1867 U.N.T.S. 190

33 I.L.M. 1153 (1994)
Text
Marrakesh Protocol to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 Marrakesh Protocol 1867 U.N.T.S. 237

33 I.L.M. 1165 (1994)
Text
Agreement on Agriculture None 1867 U.N.T.S. 410 Text
Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures SPS 1867 U.N.T.S. 493 Text
Agreement on Textiles and Clothing
(Terminated on January 1, 2005)
None 1868 U.N.T.S. 14 Text
Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade TBT 1868 U.N.T.S. 120 Text
Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures TRIMS 1868 U.N.T.S. 186 Text
Agreement on the Implementation of Article VI of GATT 1994 Anti-Dumping Measures 1868 U.N.T.S. 201 Text
Agreement on the Implementation of Article VII of GATT 1994 Customs Valuation Agreement 1868 U.N.T.S. 279 Text
Agreement on Preshipment Inspection None 1868 U.N.T.S. 368 Text
Agreement on Rules of Origin None 1868 U.N.T.S. 397 Text
Agreement on Import Licensing None 1869 U.N.T.S. 436 Text
Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures SCM 1869 U.N.T.S. 14 Text
Agreement on Safeguards None 1869 U.N.T.S. 154 Text
Annex 1B to the Marrakesh Agreement
General Agreement on Trade in Services GATS 1869 U.N.T.S. 183

33 I.L.M. 1167 (1994)
Text
Annex 1C to the Marrakesh Agreement
General Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property TRIPS 1869 U.N.T.S. 299

33 I.L.M. 1197
Text
Annex 2 to the Marrakesh Agreement
Understanding on the Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU) 1869 U.N.T.S. 401

33 I.L.M. 1226 (1994)
Text
Annex 3 to the Marrakesh Agreement
Trade Policy Review Mechanism None 1869 U.N.T.S. 480 Text