For accounting by government entities such as federal, state, and local government agencies, additional accounting standards beyond those contained in the Accounting Standards Codification may apply. For state and local government entities, additional standards are promulgated by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board ("GASB"). For the federal government, additional standards are promulgated by the Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board ("FASAB").
The Governmental Accounting Standards Board or GASB is an independent, private-sector, not-for-profit organization that—through an open and thorough due process—establishes and improves standards of financial accounting and reporting for U.S. state and local governments. Governments and the accounting industry recognize the GASB as the official source of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for state and local governments. (GASB at a Glance).
GASB standards are GAAP for state and local governmental entities only. GASB issues the following types of pronouncements:
In October 1990, three officials responsible for federal financial reporting established the Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board (FASAB or 'the Board') as a federal advisory committee. The officials were the Secretary of the Treasury, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and the Comptroller General of the United States. They created FASAB to develop accounting standards and principles for the United States Government." (FASAB Facts).
FASAB standards are GAAP for federal governmental entities only. FASAB issues the following types of pronouncements:
FASAB standards are available in: